Friday, March 13, 2020
The guitar essays The guitar is a fretted, stringed instrument, and is a member of the lute family. It originated in Persia and reached Spain during the twelth-century, where itÃ ¹s versatility as both a solo and accompanying instrument were established. The theory of the guitar was discovered in the early centuries. They found that the sound of a bowstring could be enhanced by attaching a resonating chamber -most like a tortiseshell- to the bow. From the bow came essentially three main types of stringed instruments: the Harp family, which was the sound of plucked strings indirectly transmitted to an attached sound box. The second was the Lyre family, which was strings of a fixed pitch are attached to the directly to a sound chamber. And the third was the Lute family, this was were the pitch of strings was altered by pressing them against a neck that is attached directly to a sound chamber. Within the Lute family came two groups. The lutes proper which had rounded backs and the guitar type ins truments with their flat backs. Guitar-shaped instruments appear in stone bas-relief sculptures of the hittites in northern Syria and Asia Minor from as far back as 1350 B.C. The word guitar also has origins in the middle and far east, deriving from gut, is the Arabic word for four, and tar, the Sanskrit word for string. The earliest European guitars did have four courses of gut strings. A course is a pair of strings tuned in unison. These early guitars were distinguished from lutes by body sides that curved inward to form a waist and by four courses of strings. Some but not all early guitars had a flat back, while lutes always had a flat back. In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance the lute was the dominant fretted instrument. The lute with was pear-shaped and had five or more courses of strings was generally regarded as a higher class of instrument. By 1546 the guitar had gained enough popularity to merit the publication of a book of guita...
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Transit finance project - Research Paper Example Within federal jurisdiction, it represented the policies and programs of the municipal governments of Canada since 1901. The FCM ensures that its 1200 members representing larger cities to small rural communities work sincerely for improving the quality of life of the communities they represent. The municipal institutions of Canada are efficient, strong and accountable and they ensure that their services are affordable, reasonable and beneficial for both the people and businesses in Canada. In fact, the municipal institutions of Canada reflect its character and they deliver their services to the citizens and play a key role in social cohesion and economic sustainability in Canada. The report aims to analyse the taxing and spending of public finance in Canadian municipalities in the backdrop of the province of Ontario. This research report is a part of the transit finance project, which is prepared by applying the theoretical discussion of taxation and analysing the politics of taxation. The background of this report is the province of Ontario, which created Metrolinx in 2006 for planning transit expansion and improving transit system integration, especially in two areas namely Hamilton and Greater Toronto. Metrolinx presented its report, The Big Move, in 2008. The Big Move is a 25-year plan, which required substantial investment in the subway, BRT, LRT, and GO Rail projects. As per estimates of the plan, it requires an investment of about $2 billion every year for a period of 25 years. These projects are justified on certain grounds such as the traffic congestion in Toronto is regarded as the worst in the North America. The people and businesses pay huge cost s due this worst traffic congestion. Presently, it is estimated that the per year cost to the people and businesses is around $ 6 billion, which is expected to reach up to $ 15 by the year 2031. It is the general consensus
Sunday, February 9, 2020
Multi Modal Speech Communications - Essay Example This paper will dissect two current commercials to demonstrate how manufacturers and marketing firms suggestively and creatively capitalize on the interconnected processes of language that humans use. In this particular commercial the advertisers selected a highly acclaimed and celebrated professional athlete to endorse the product. The essence or aesthetic presentation is one of playfulness and light-heartedness using the game of golf as the medium of persuasion. The outdoors environment of the backdrop of the velvety, smooth grassy knolls of the golf course is suggestive of the smooth, enjoyable gliding ride of traveling and driving a Buick. The technique of using a Ã¢â¬Å"trapÃ¢â¬ is a creative lure of language associated with the sand traps when playing the game of golf and the hidden cameramen, but it is a subtly suggestive ploy of deflecting again to enticing the players into the game of buying a Buick. The commercial is brilliant in that it playfully uses a game of golf as a means of introducing and displaying the amenities of the automobileÃ¢â¬â¢s design and features. Because of Tiger WoodsÃ¢â¬â¢ boyish and attractive good looks viewers of the commercial make the association that by owning and driving the new Buick they in turn will project a similar image. The language, the backdrop of the golf course(s), lightness of the exchange between the actors in the commercial project and the unsuspecting participants represent a carefree and enjoyable image. The conveyance of a subconscious mental Ã¢â¬Å"trapÃ¢â¬ and the physical unconsciously convey to viewers that similar experiences await them as a result of owning the Buick Reiner SUV. Words that come to mind as a result of watching the commercial are: youthful, lightheartedness, fun, playful, beautiful, peaceful, happiness, refreshing, and attainable. This commercial reached back into a time when a full length featured cartoon series was a novelty. The marketing firm
Thursday, January 30, 2020
The Augustinian Theodicy Essay Throughout history, the problems of evil and suffering have always been prevalent in the world. The problems can be split up into two types: moral evil and natural suffering. Moral evil is generally viewed as anything that is caused by humans and inflicts pain (physical or psychological) or death or obstructs lifes freedom and/or expression; for example, murder, war, crime. Natural suffering is generally viewed as events that occur because of the physical world or environment; for example, earthquakes, volcanoes, flooding. Evil and suffering therefore present believers in the God of Classical Theism with a logical problem- one of them being the Inconsistent Triad. The Inconsistent Triad consists of three premises: 1- God is omnipotent; 2- God is omnibenevolent; 3- there is evil in the world. All three premises cannot be true at the same time which means either God does not exist or there is no evil in the world. St Augustine of Hippo, who lived from 354 to 430 AD in the Roman Province of Africa, was a Manichaean (Persian and Dualist religion) in his early until he later converted to Christianity. Augustine proposed a theodicy, which is an attempt to reconcile the existence of an omnibenevolent and omnipotent God with the undeniable fact of evil and suffering in the world; it is derived from the Greek words theos or God and dike or justice. Augustines theodicy explains that according to Genesis, God being perfect created a perfect world where because of His goodness and perfection, God gave humans free will. Therefore, the possibility of evil is necessary as the world can never be as perfect as God. The Fall is also central to his theodicy because when Adam and Eve disobeyed God, mans original purity was lost and all their descendents inherited original sin and original guilt because they were seminally present in the loins of Adam. As a result, we all deserve the consequences which means moral evil is a misuse of our freedom and natural evil is punishment for all mans sins. The theodicy goes further in explaining that we cannot blame God for evil as evil is not a thing in itself but rather privatio boni, which is Latin for the privation of good. This means evil is not an entity, but a lack of goodness or righteousness therefore evil only happens when good goes wrong. Augustines theodicy essentially says that God is right not to interfere with problems of evil and suffering in the world, as it is perfectly justified that we should suffer and at the end of our lives- if we have accepted that Gods forgiveness is necessary- we will go to Heaven, otherwise all non-believers will be punished in Hell for eternity. For some Christians- mainly fundamental Christians- Augustines theodicy succeeds in justifying evil and suffering in the world. However, for non-Christians and even liberal Christians, the theodicy fails for a number of different reasons. The theodicy fails in some ways because of the advance in science. Augustines theodicy is based on the Bible being interpreted as literal which opens him up to two scientific criticisms. In contrast to evolution theory, which is now widely accepted as an explanation for the existence of complex organisms through the gradual process of natural selection and random mutations over generations, if the Bible is taken as literal truth, then the theodicy is the reverse of evolution as it prescribes humans were created first. Another scientific criticism is whilst Augustine says we were all seminally present in the loins of Adam, our genes suggest otherwise. Not only does each person have their own unique DNA (with the exception of identical twins), other factors contribute to how a person develops, such as their socialization, which can create psychological differences too. Therefore it would be wrong to say that all humans are the same as Adam. Furthermore, there are logical criticisms of Augustines theodicy. If evil is not a thing in itself, then good and evil would unknown to Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. So in Genesis, when Eve ate the forbidden fruit, she had no concept of evil. Schleiermacher, a late 18th/early 19th Century German philosopher, agreed the theodicy is flawed because he said it was a logical contradiction to say that a perfectly created world had gone wrong, since this would mean that evil had created itself ex nihilo, which is impossible. Either the world was created imperfect or God allowed it to go wrong. Perhaps the most important criticisms are moral as they challenge God. Being omniscient, God should have known that things would go wrong and being omnipotent, He could have made creation better and less flawed. Also, the creation of Hell is puzzling because surely God would not create it unless He knew that The Fall would happen which further questions His perfection. Not only that, the selection process for Heaven is discriminate as Heaven can be viewed as an exclusive club for people who have turned to Christ and accepted the need for Gods forgiveness. Therefore, God is wasteful of good souls as they would be punished eternally for having no Christian belief- even if they had been morally good people their whole lives. This clearly questions Gods omnibenevolence and fairness. At first evaluation, St Augustines theodicy appears to make some good points about the reasons for evil and suffering in the world, particularly his comparison of evil to darkness and them being an absence of good and light respectively. However on closer inspection, there are some clear flaws with the theodicy which challenge the God of Classical Theism as they criticise His creation and more importantly- Gods omnibenevolence. The theodicy works well for fundamental Christians, but is not effective in convincing other Christians and non-Christians into the reasons for the existence of evil and suffering in the world as it presents us with an arbitrary and flawed God.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Mary Shelley: Bride of Frankenstein Authors have written horror novels with old props of haunted castles and moonlit dagger scenes for ages. However, there is one author deserving of significant commemorations for her horrific novel, Frankenstein. Mary Shelley, author of the most notable gothic novel of all times, inspires authors who read her work. Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s professional life as her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s editor, a novelist, and a poet began in 1816, in Scotland when she began her first novel. First of all, while Mary Shelley visited her family in England, Shelley became an acquaintance to the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, and later became his wife (Walling 9) and full time editor. As Percy ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s reviser, she promoted the understanding of his works, which led to the history of biographical-literary criticism (Spark ix). Shelley traveled frequently, once to Italy in 1818, where she composed Italian Lives, which appeared in LardnerÃ¢â¬â¢s Cabinet Cyclopedia (Walling 10). ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s marriage persisted for eight years (Spark ix), which ended on July 8, 1822 when Percy Shelley drown (Walling 10), and left her a single mother of a child, and a son on the way (Spark ix). Second, Mary Shelley achieved her highest acknowledgments for her writings and gothic novels. Shelley began her first novel Frankenstein (T hompson 2), at nineteen years of age in the summer of 1816 and publicized it on March 11, 1818 (Walling 9). The horror novel received numerous reviews and became one of the literary events of 1818 (Walling 34). Shelley wrote five other novels in her lifetime including The Last Man (Walling 72) and Valpera. The Last Man, published in 1826 (Walling 10), and Frankenstein are ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s two most sought novels, and William Walling observes that they are "two novels whose loneliness is final Mensik 2 and irreparable" (86). Valperga, published in 1823, received reviews with modern critics that were not as highly ranked as the others. Shelley first began Valperga in 1817, however, she completed the novella in 1821, during which Shelley went through a marriage crisis with her husband Percy Shelley and mourned over the loss of two children (Walling 52). Walling observes that ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s other novelettes were Matilda, completed in 1819, Perkin Warbeck, published in 1830, Lodore, published in 1835, and Falker, published in 1837. Society also granted fame to Mary Shelley for her intriguing poetry. In 1822, Shelley wrote her first poem, "The Choice". ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s release of ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Prometheus Poems in 1824 sold more than three hundred copies (10).
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
First of all, technologie corrupts society because it does our thinking and increases health problems. According to a New York Times article, the average kid ages 8-18, spends over 7 ? hours a day using technology gadgets which increases the obesity rate, poor grades, impatience, violence and a loss of family interest. Also, cell phones and texting leads to texting and driving which is almost as worse as drinking and driving. You can hurt yourself or people around you while texting and driving. Are generation canÃ¢â¬â¢t live without a cell phone, texting or sending emails and this leads to a lack of communication. When somebody can only express their feeling in a text message or an email they are not learning how to communicate with others. Did you also know that technology not only affects our health but it affects our environment too? For example, a normal computer chip takes 600 times its weight in fuel to produce? Bullying has a huge impact on our society! Peer pressure especially because you are forced to do things you donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to, you get bad habits and it leads to loss of individual. When somebody is bullied mentally or physically they have depression, anxiety, loss of interest in activities, school and family, shame, fear and low self-esteem. All these side effects of bullying leadÃ¢â¬â¢s to suicide. According to the website Ã¢â¬ËDoSomething. orgÃ¢â¬â¢, Approximately 160,000 teens skip school every day because of bullying! Media can also be a cause of corruption of society because if you look at magazines, ads or watch television, commercial or news, beauty is often the subject. People and especially teenagers are influenced by Medias. All girls look at magazines or whatsoever and wishes to look like people on TV or magazines. Thin slim bodies, perfect face, etc. What teenagers donÃ¢â¬â¢t realized is that those people are edited by computers from head to toe. Over 5 million AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s have eating disorders caused by false concept of beauty. Another reason why Medias corrupts our society is because of money. In magazines and ads or television itÃ¢â¬â¢s all about buying things to have a better life!
Sunday, January 5, 2020
For the past, few centuries the concept of marriage has become a matter of church and state. Those who wish to become a married couple within the United States must get permission from the states by obtaining a marriage license. According to Taking Marriage Private by Stephanie Coontz for sixteen centuries marriage was valid based upon the couples wishes. If both the man and women claimed they had exchanged vows, then the Catholic Church would recognize it as a valid marriage. Today all states require that a couple obtain a marriage license from the state if they want the marriage to be legal and valid in the eyes of the state. Taking Marriage Private by Stephanie Coontz discusses the concept of private marriage and the history of it.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In the United States Constitution, the Ninth Amendment is often forgotten or not commonly taught. The ninth amendment is often denoted as Ã¢â¬Å"Enumeration of Rights.Ã¢â¬ This amendment outlines the human rights that we re not written or protected by the Constitution or the Bill of Rights. Marriage is a right. Everybody and anybody should have the right to marriage. Putting rules and regulations on marriage is a clear violation of the United States Constitution and a clear violation of our unalienable rights. Marriage has only become a way for the government to collect extra tax money and fees. Marriage is only a business for the government. Instead of marriage being a civil union of a man and a woman. It is a union between a man, woman, and government. For many gay, bisexual, or lesbian couples privatizing marriage would allow them to marry who they want freely without any government say. Therefore, no institution will be able deny marriage to nontraditional marriage couples because of personal beliefs of government employees or because of state laws. Supporters of marriage privatization believe it is a very personal thing between two people who want celebrate their life together. Marriage after a ll is a celebration of the connection between one another. Anybody should be able to marry whoever they want without having to worry about what the government would say about that marriage. Rather if it is right or wrong. The government shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t interfere with marriage noShow MoreRelatedThe Radical Idea of Marrying for Love Essay855 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMarrying for Love.Ã¢â¬ Stephanie Coontz describes marriage as an Ã¢â¬Å"institution that brings together two people.Ã¢â¬ she shares the point that Ã¢â¬Å"marriage should be based on intense, profound love and a couple should maintain their ardor until death do them partÃ¢â¬ (p. 378). Coontz talks about the history behind marriage. People chose their partners based on Ã¢â¬Å"something as fragile and irrational as loveÃ¢â¬ before they focus on their sexual, intimate, and altruistic desires. 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In her article, she refers to the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s as being the optimal time period for familyÃ¢â¬â¢s where the ideology in television shows such as Ã¢â¬Å"Father Knows BestÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Leave It To BeaverÃ¢â¬ was notRead MoreElizabethan Marriage and Divorce3362 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesdamaged. When it happens on a massive scale the community itself is crippled. So, unless we work to strengthen the family, to create conditions under which most parents will stay together, all the rest Ã¢â¬â schools, playgrounds, and public assistance, and private concern Ã¢â¬â will never be enoughÃ¢â¬ (Danes). He believed that family is the base of the society. The way tha t family is set up affects children in all ways. Family structure is very important and that no matter what we do, it will never be enough. 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These amendments in 2004 sought to strengthen marriage by explicitly defining, for the first time, marriage as a legal partnershipRead MoreMarriage and Cohabitation13809 Words Ã |Ã 56 Pages1.1 What is Marriage 1.2 What is Cohabitation CHAPTER TWO Ã¢â¬â ORIGIN OF MARRIAGE 2.1 Types of Marriage 2.2 Justification of Marriage 2.3 Christian Perspective of Marriage 2.4 Advantages and dis-advantages of Marriage CHAPTER THREE Ã¢â¬â ORIGIN OF COHABITATION 3.1 Types of Cohabitation 3.2 Justification of Cohabitation 3.3 Christian perspective of Cohabitation 3.4 Advantages and dis- advantages of Cohabitation CHAPTER FOUR Ã¢â¬â MARRIAGE AND COHABITATION 4.1 Relationship between Marriage and CohabitationRead MoreEssay about The Results of Children in Fatherless Homes16087 Words Ã |Ã 65 Pagesachieving intimacy in a relationship, forming a stable marriage, or even holding a steady job. Despite this growing body of evidence, it is nearly impossible to discuss changes in family structure without provoking angry protest. Many people see the discussion as no more than an attack on struggling single mothers and their children: Why blame single mothers when they are doing the very best they can? After all, the decision to end a marriage or a relationship is wrenching, and few parents are indifferent